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在中東,自16世紀起,咖啡屋(波斯語:qahveh-khaneh‎,土耳其語:kahvehane 或 kıraathane)作爲社交聚會的地方,人們聚集在一起喝咖啡或茶、聽音樂,閱讀、下西洋棋或雙陸棋、或聆聽《列王紀》的誦讀。在今天的伊朗和土耳其,咖啡屋或會招惹一群看公眾電視的男性。

傳統的關於「維也納咖啡館」的起源說法來自於在1683年「維也納戰役」中被打敗的土耳其人遺失的裝滿綠色豆子的神秘袋子。所有這些裝滿咖啡的袋子都被送給了勝利的波蘭國王約翰三世(John III,也就是John Sobieski,而他將它們送給了他的一個軍官Franciszek Jerzy Kulczycki。Kulczycki用這些咖啡在維也納開了第一家咖啡館。但懷疑者們認為這個故事太過輕率,日期也比較晚,足為信。

在16世紀時在伊斯坦堡、開羅和麥加便有了咖啡館。17世紀第一家咖啡館在歐洲開張。通過在17世紀引進咖啡,咖啡館在17世紀第一次在歐洲流行起來。英國的第一家土耳其咖啡館由一個名叫Jacob或Jacobs的土耳其猶太人在1650年的牛津開辦。而倫敦的第一家咖啡館於2年後在Cornhill的St. Michael’s Alley開張。

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